Table_1_A Core Genome Multilocus Sequence Typing Scheme for Pseudomonas aeruginosa.xlsx (318.99 kB)

Table_1_A Core Genome Multilocus Sequence Typing Scheme for Pseudomonas aeruginosa.xlsx

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posted on 26.05.2020, 04:42 by Romário Oliveira de Sales, Letícia Busato Migliorini, Renato Puga, Bela Kocsis, Patricia Severino

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous microorganism and an important opportunistic pathogen responsible for a broad spectrum of infections mainly in immunosuppressed and critically ill patients. Molecular investigations traditionally rely on pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). In this work we propose a core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST) scheme for P. aeruginosa, a methodology that combines traditional MLST principles with whole genome sequencing data. All publicly available complete P. aeruginosa genomes, representing the diversity of this species, were used to establish a cgMLST scheme targeting 2,653 genes. The scheme was then tested using genomes available at contig, chromosome and scaffold levels. The proposed cgMLST scheme for P. aeruginosa typed over 99% (2,314/2,325) of the genomes available for this study considering at least 95% of the cgMLST target genes present. The absence of a certain number gene targets at the threshold considered for both the creation and validation steps due to low genome sequence quality is possibly the main reason for this result. The cgMLST scheme was compared with previously published whole genome single nucleotide polymorphism analysis for the characterization of the population structure of the epidemic clone ST235 and results were highly similar. In order to evaluate the typing resolution of the proposed scheme, collections of isolates belonging to two important STs associated with cystic fibrosis, ST146 and ST274, were typed using this scheme, and ST235 isolates associated with an outbreak were evaluated. Besides confirming the relatedness of all the isolates, earlier determined by MLST, the higher resolution of cgMLST denotes that it may be suitable for surveillance programs, overcoming possible shortcomings of classical MLST. The proposed scheme is publicly available at: https://github.com/BioinformaticsHIAEMolecularMicrobiology/cgMLST-Pseudomonas-aeruginosa.

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