Table_14_Network Pharmacology Study and Experimental Validation of Yiqi Huayu Decoction Inducing Ferroptosis in Gastric Cancer.xlsx
This study aimed to identify the mechanism of Yiqi Huayu Decoction (YQHY) induced ferroptosis in gastric cancer (GC) by using network pharmacology and experimental validation.Methods
The targets of YQHY, ferroptosis-related targets, and targets related to GC were derived from databases. Following the protein–protein interaction (PPI) network, the hub targets for YQHY induced ferroptosis in GC were identified. Furthermore, gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment were used to analyze the hub targets from a macro perspective. We verified the hub targets by molecular docking, GEPIA, HPA, and the cBioPortal database. Finally, we performed cell viability assays, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blotting, lipid peroxidation, and GSH assays to explore the mechanism of YQHY induced ferroptosis in GC.Results
We identified the main active compounds and hub targets: Quercetin, DIBP, DBP, Mipax, Phaseol and TP53, ATM, SMAD4, PTGS2, and ACSL4. KEGG enrichment analyses indicated that the JAK2-STAT3 signaling pathway may be a significant pathway. Molecular docking results showed that the main active compounds had a good binding activity with the hub targets. The experimental results proved that YQHY could induce ferroptosis in AGS by increasing the MDA content and reducing the GSH content. qRT–PCR and Western blot results showed that YQHY can induce ferroptosis in GC by affecting the JAK2-STAT3 pathway and the expression of ACSL4.Conclusions
This study indicated that YQHY can induce ferroptosis in GC by affecting the JAK2–STAT3 pathway and the expression of ACSL4, and induction of ferroptosis may be one of the possible mechanisms of YQHY’s anti-recurrence and metastasis of GC.