Table_11_Immune Checkpoints OX40 and OX40L in Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Predict Prognosis and Modulate Immune Microenvironment.docx (14.43 kB)
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Table_11_Immune Checkpoints OX40 and OX40L in Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Predict Prognosis and Modulate Immune Microenvironment.docx

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posted on 24.11.2021, 05:57 authored by Peixin Chen, Hao Wang, Lishu Zhao, Haoyue Guo, Liping Zhang, Wei Zhang, Chenglong Sun, Sha Zhao, Wei Li, Jun Zhu, Jia Yu, Chunyan Wu, Yayi He
Background

OX40 and OX40 ligand (OX40L), as essential immune checkpoint (IC) modulators, are highly correlated with cancer immunity regulation as well as tumor microenvironment (TME). Immunotherapy showed outstanding advantages in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) therapy. However, functions and clinical significance of OX40 and OX40L in SCLC were not clear yet.

Materials and Methods

SCLC samples of 143 patients were collected for immunohistochemistry (IHC) or whole-exome sequencing (WES). We comprehensively explored the expression and mutation of OX40/OX40L in SCLC, and systematically linked OX40/OX40L with TME.

Results

The expression of OX40/OX40L on tumor cells and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) was found in the IHC cohort and verified in other cohorts with SCLC tissues and cell lines. The results showed co-expression patterns among OX40/OX40L, other ICs, and T-cell markers. The WES data suggested that OX40/OX40L mutation is rare in SCLC (<5%). Patients with positive OX40 protein expression on TILs showed substantially higher recurrence-free survival than those with negative expression (p=0.009). The external dataset also indicated that high OX40/OX40L expression was correlated with better prognosis [overall survival: OX40, p<0.001; OX40L, p=0.019]. Importantly, activation of immunity and high infiltration of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells were observed in the high OX40/OX40L expression group.

Conclusions

Collectively, this work highlighted the significance of OX40 and OX40L in prognosis and TME cell infiltration characterization of SCLC. Evaluating the OX40/OX40L-expression levels of individual patients with SCLC might contribute to guiding more precise therapy.

History

References