Table9_Integration of Transcriptome and Methylome Analyses Provides Insight Into the Pathway of Floral Scent Biosynthesis in Prunus mume.xlsx (9.16 kB)
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Table9_Integration of Transcriptome and Methylome Analyses Provides Insight Into the Pathway of Floral Scent Biosynthesis in Prunus mume.xlsx

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posted on 15.12.2021, 04:33 by Xi Yuan, Kaifeng Ma, Man Zhang, Jia Wang, Qixiang Zhang

DNA methylation is a common epigenetic modification involved in regulating many biological processes. However, the epigenetic mechanisms involved in the formation of floral scent have rarely been reported within a famous traditional ornamental plant Prunus mume emitting pleasant fragrance in China. By combining whole-genome bisulfite sequencing and RNA-seq, we determined the global change in DNA methylation and expression levels of genes involved in the biosynthesis of floral scent in four different flowering stages of P. mume. During flowering, the methylation status in the “CHH” sequence context (with H representing A, T, or C) in the promoter regions of genes showed the most significant change. Enrichment analysis showed that the differentially methylated genes (DMGs) were widely involved in eight pathways known to be related to floral scent biosynthesis. As the key biosynthesis pathway of the dominant volatile fragrance of P. mume, the phenylpropane biosynthesis pathway contained the most differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and DMGs. We detected 97 DMGs participated in the most biosynthetic steps of the phenylpropane biosynthesis pathway. Furthermore, among the previously identified genes encoding key enzymes in the biosynthesis of the floral scent of P. mume, 47 candidate genes showed an expression pattern matching the release of floral fragrances and 22 of them were differentially methylated during flowering. Some of these DMGs may or have already been proven to play an important role in biosynthesis of the key floral scent components of P. mume, such as PmCFAT1a/1c, PmBEAT36/37, PmPAL2, PmPAAS3, PmBAR8/9/10, and PmCNL1/3/5/6/14/17/20. In conclusion, our results for the first time revealed that DNA methylation is widely involved in the biosynthesis of floral scent and may play critical roles in regulating the floral scent biosynthesis of P. mume. This study provided insights into floral scent metabolism for molecular breeding.

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