Table7_Identification of Angiogenesis-Related Prognostic Biomarkers Associated With Immune Cell Infiltration in Breast Cancer.XLSX (30.94 kB)
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Table7_Identification of Angiogenesis-Related Prognostic Biomarkers Associated With Immune Cell Infiltration in Breast Cancer.XLSX

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posted on 06.05.2022, 09:38 by Dan Tao, Ying Wang, Xin Zhang, Can Wang, Dingyi Yang, Jing Chen, Yanyan Long, Yong Jiang, Xian Zhou, Ningning Zhang

Background: This study aimed to explore the prognostic value of angiogenesis-related genes (ARGs) and their association with immune cell infiltration (ICI) in breast cancer (BC).

Methods: Transcriptome data of BC were obtained from the TCGA and GEO databases. Differentially expressed ARGs were identified by the limma package. The identification of key genes and construction of the risk score model were performed by univariate and multivariate Cox regression algorithms. The prognostic value of the risk score was assessed by ROC curves and nomogram. GO, KEGG pathway, and GSEA were used to investigate the biological functions of differentially expressed genes (DEGs), and CIBERSORT, ssGSEA, and xCell algorithms were performed to estimate the ICI in high-risk and low-risk groups. The correlations between prognostic biomarkers and differentially distributed immune cells were assessed. Moreover, a ceRNA regulatory network based on prognostic biomarkers was constructed and visualized by Cytoscape software.

Results: A total of 18 differentially expressed ARGs were identified between tumor and adjacent normal tissue samples. TNFSF12, SCG2, COL4A3, and TNNI3 were identified as key prognostic genes by univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. The risk score model was further constructed based on the four-gene signature and validated in GSE7390 and GSE88770 datasets. ROC curves and nomogram indicated that the risk score had good accuracy for determining BC patient survival. Biological function analysis showed that DEGs in high- and low-risk groups had a high enrichment in immune-related biological processes and signaling pathways. Moreover, significantly different ICIs were found between high- and low-risk groups, such as memory B cells, CD8+ T cells, resting memory CD4+ T cells, follicular helper T cells, regulatory T cells, monocytes, M2 macrophages, and neutrophils, and each prognostic biomarker was significantly correlated with one or more immune cell types.

Conclusion: The current study identified novel prognostic ARGs and developed a prognostic model for predicting survival in patients with BC. Furthermore, this study indicated that ICI may act as a bond between angiogenesis and BC. These findings enhance our understanding of angiogenesis in BC and provide novel guidance on developing therapeutic targets for BC patients.