Table7_Brain Regeneration Resembles Brain Cancer at Its Early Wound Healing Stage and Diverges From Cancer Later at Its Proliferation and Differentiat.XLSX (1.47 MB)
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Table7_Brain Regeneration Resembles Brain Cancer at Its Early Wound Healing Stage and Diverges From Cancer Later at Its Proliferation and Differentiation Stages.XLSX

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posted on 10.02.2022, 16:14 by Yeliz Demirci, Guillaume Heger, Esra Katkat, Irene Papatheodorou, Alvis Brazma, Gunes Ozhan

Gliomas are the most frequent type of brain cancers and characterized by continuous proliferation, inflammation, angiogenesis, invasion and dedifferentiation, which are also among the initiator and sustaining factors of brain regeneration during restoration of tissue integrity and function. Thus, brain regeneration and brain cancer should share more molecular mechanisms at early stages of regeneration where cell proliferation dominates. However, the mechanisms could diverge later when the regenerative response terminates, while cancer cells sustain proliferation. To test this hypothesis, we exploited the adult zebrafish that, in contrast to the mammals, can efficiently regenerate the brain in response to injury. By comparing transcriptome profiles of the regenerating zebrafish telencephalon at its three different stages, i.e., 1 day post-lesion (dpl)-early wound healing stage, 3 dpl-early proliferative stage and 14 dpl-differentiation stage, to those of two brain cancers, i.e., low-grade glioma (LGG) and glioblastoma (GBM), we reveal the common and distinct molecular mechanisms of brain regeneration and brain cancer. While the transcriptomes of 1 dpl and 3 dpl harbor unique gene modules and gene expression profiles that are more divergent from the control, the transcriptome of 14 dpl converges to that of the control. Next, by functional analysis of the transcriptomes of brain regeneration stages to LGG and GBM, we reveal the common and distinct molecular pathways in regeneration and cancer. 1 dpl and LGG and GBM resemble with regard to signaling pathways related to metabolism and neurogenesis, while 3 dpl and LGG and GBM share pathways that control cell proliferation and differentiation. On the other hand, 14 dpl and LGG and GBM converge with respect to developmental and morphogenetic processes. Finally, our global comparison of gene expression profiles of three brain regeneration stages, LGG and GBM exhibit that 1 dpl is the most similar stage to LGG and GBM while 14 dpl is the most distant stage to both brain cancers. Therefore, early convergence and later divergence of brain regeneration and brain cancer constitutes a key starting point in comparative understanding of cellular and molecular events between the two phenomena and development of relevant targeted therapies for brain cancers.

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