Table6_Characterization of the Ferroptosis-Related Genes for Prognosis and Immune Infiltration in Low-Grade Glioma.XLSX (14.23 kB)
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Table6_Characterization of the Ferroptosis-Related Genes for Prognosis and Immune Infiltration in Low-Grade Glioma.XLSX

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posted on 26.04.2022, 04:36 by Xiuwei Yan, Hang Ji, Zhihui Liu, Shuai Ma, Jiawei Dong, Xiaoyan Jiang, Xueyan Hu, Fang Wang, Hongtao Zhao, Jiaqi Jin, Jiheng Zhang, Nan Wang, Jianyang Du, Shaoshan Hu

Background: Although ferroptosis has been validated to play a crucial role in some types of tumors, the influence of ferroptosis-related genes (FRGs) on the immune microenvironment in low-grade glioma (LGG) remains unclear. In this research, we screen the FRGs to assess the prognosis value and immune microenvironment in LGG, to provide reliable diagnosis and treatment evidence for the clinic.

Methods: A total of 1,239 patients of LGG samples were selected for subsequent analyses from The Cancer Genome Atlas, Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas, and the Repository of Molecular Brain Neoplasia Data datasets. Univariate Cox regression analysis was used to screen for prognostic FRGs. Consensus clustering was utilized to determine ferroptosis subtypes of LGG patients. Next, the prognostic model was constructed based on differentially expressed FRGs and validation in the validating datasets. The immune microenvironment, biological pathway, and hypoxia score were explored by single-sample gene set enrichment analysis. The potential response of chemotherapy and immune checkpoint blockade therapy was also estimated. In addition, the correlation between the risk score and autophagy-related genes was examined by the Pearson correlation coefficient.

Results: A total of three ferroptosis subtypes were identified by consensus clustering for prognostic FRGs which exhibited different outcomes, clinicopathological characteristics, and immune microenvironment. Afterward, a prognostic model that performed great predictive ability based on nine prognostic FRGs has been constructed and validated. Moreover, the prognostic model had the potential to screen the sensitivity to chemotherapy and immunotherapy in LGG patients. Finally, we also found that the prognostic model has a great connection to autophagy and hypoxia.

Conclusion: We developed a ferroptosis-related prognostic model which strongly linked to diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and recurrence of LGG. This study also reveals the connection between ferroptosis and tumor immune microenvironment.