Frontiers
Browse
Table5_Novel Hypoxia-Associated Gene Signature Depicts Tumor Immune Microenvironment and Predicts Prognosis of Colon Cancer Patients.DOCX (16.11 kB)

Table5_Novel Hypoxia-Associated Gene Signature Depicts Tumor Immune Microenvironment and Predicts Prognosis of Colon Cancer Patients.DOCX

Download (16.11 kB)
dataset
posted on 2022-06-06, 11:43 authored by Yixin Xu, Can Cao, Ziyan Zhu, Yibo Wang, Yulin Tan, Xuezhong Xu

Hypoxia, a typical hallmark of numerous tumors, indicates poor infiltration of antitumor lymphocytes, as well as facilitates the development, progression, and drug resistance of malignant cells. Here, the present research was performed to identify novel hypoxia-related molecular markers and their correlation to the tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) in colon cancer. The expression of hypoxia-related gene signature was extracted from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) COAD cohort. Based on this signature, a risk score model was constructed using the Lasso regression model. Its discrimination ability and stability were validated in another independent cohort (GSE17536) from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Moreover, molecular biology experiments (quantitative real-time PCR and multiple immunohistochemistry) were performed to validate the results of bioinformatics analyses. Three hub genes, including PPFIA4, SERPINE1, and STC2, were chosen to build the risk score model. All of these genes were increasingly expressed in the hypoxia subgroup (HS). Compared with the normoxia subgroup (NS), HS had worse pathological features (T, N, M, and stage) and overall survival (OS), more expression of immune checkpoint molecules, poorer infiltration of some pro-inflammation immune cells (CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells), and enriched infiltration of M0/M2 macrophages. After the risk model was proven to be valuable and stable, a nomogram was built based on this model and some clinicopathological factors. Moreover, it had been identified that three hub genes were all increasingly expressed in hypoxic conditions by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). The results of multiple immunohistochemistry (mIHC) also showed that higher expression of hub genes was associated with poorer infiltration of pro-inflammation immune cells (CD8+ T cells and M1 macrophages) and richer infiltration of anti-inflammation immune cells (Treg cells and M2 macrophages). In conclusion, the present study uncovered the relations among hypoxia, TIME, and clinicopathological features of colon cancer. It might provide new insight and a potential therapeutic target for immunotherapy.

History