Table5_Linkage Disequilibrium and Effective Population Size of Buffalo Populations of Iran, Turkey, Pakistan, and Egypt Using a Medium Density SNP Arr.XLSX (11.74 MB)
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Table5_Linkage Disequilibrium and Effective Population Size of Buffalo Populations of Iran, Turkey, Pakistan, and Egypt Using a Medium Density SNP Array.XLSX

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posted on 07.12.2021, 06:01 authored by Shirin Rahimmadar, Mokhtar Ghaffari, Mahdi Mokhber, John L. Williams

Linkage disequilibrium (LD) across the genome provides information to identify the genes and variations related to quantitative traits in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and for the implementation of genomic selection (GS). LD can also be used to evaluate genetic diversity and population structure and reveal genomic regions affected by selection. LD structure and Ne were assessed in a set of 83 water buffaloes, comprising Azeri (AZI), Khuzestani (KHU), and Mazandarani (MAZ) breeds from Iran, Kundi (KUN) and Nili-Ravi (NIL) from Pakistan, Anatolian (ANA) buffalo from Turkey, and buffalo from Egypt (EGY). The values of corrected r2 (defined as the correlation between two loci) of adjacent SNPs for three pooled Iranian breeds (IRI), ANA, EGY, and two pooled Pakistani breeds (PAK) populations were 0.24, 0.28, 0.27, and 0.22, respectively. The corrected r2 between SNPs decreased with increasing physical distance from 100 Kb to 1 Mb. The LD values for IRI, ANA, EGY, and PAK populations were 0.16, 0.23, 0.24, and 0.21 for less than 100Kb, respectively, which reduced rapidly to 0.018, 0.042, 0.059, and 0.024, for a distance of 1 Mb. In all the populations, the decay rate was low for distances greater than 2Mb, up to the longest studied distance (15 Mb). The r2 values for adjacent SNPs in unrelated samples indicated that the Affymetrix Axiom 90 K SNP genomic array was suitable for GWAS and GS in these populations. The persistency of LD phase (PLDP) between populations was assessed, and results showed that PLPD values between the populations were more than 0.9 for distances of less than 100 Kb. The Ne in the recent generations has declined to the extent that breeding plans are urgently required to ensure that these buffalo populations are not at risk of being lost. We found that results are affected by sample size, which could be partially corrected for; however, additional data should be obtained to be confident of the results.

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