Table5_Diffusion-weighted imaging lesions after endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms: A network meta-analysis.docx
Thromboembolism is one of the common complications in endovascular treatments including coiling alone, stent-assisted coiling (SAC), balloon-assisted coiling (BAC), and flow-diverting (FD) stents. Such treatments are widely used in intracranial aneurysms (IAs), which usually present as positive lesions in diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Whether these adjunctive techniques increase postprocedural DWI-positive lesions after endovascular treatment remains unclear.Methods
A thorough electronic search for the literature published in English between January 2000 and October 2022 was conducted on PubMed, Medline, and EMBASE. Eighteen studies (3 cohort studies and 15 case–control studies) involving 1,843 patients with unruptured IAs (UIAs) were included. We performed a frequentist framework network meta-analysis (NMA) to compare the rank risks of cerebral thromboembolism of the above four endovascular treatments. The incoherence test was used to analyze the statistical disagreement between direct and indirect evidence. Funnel plots were used to analyze publication bias.Results
The incidences of DWI lesions in patients who received FD stents, SAC, BAC, and coiling alone were 66.1% (109/165), 37.6% (299/795), 31.1% (236/759), and 25.6% (236/921). The incidence of DWI lesions in patients who received FD stents was higher than that in patients who received SAC [OR: 2.40; 95% CI (1.15, 5.00), P < 0.05], BAC [OR: 2.62; 95% CI (1.19, 5.77), P < 0.05], or coiling alone [OR: 2.77; 95% CI (1.26, 6.07), P < 0.05]. The incoherence test showed preferable consistency in this NMA. No obvious publication bias was found in the funnel plot.Conclusion
FD stent placement brings more ischemic lesions identified by DWI than any other procedures for patients with UIA. The characteristics of FD stents may result in a high incidence of DWI lesions.