Table5_Development of a joint diagnostic model of thyroid papillary carcinoma with artificial neural network and random forest.XLS
Objective: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) accounts for 80% of thyroid malignancy, and the occurrence of PTC is increasing rapidly. The present study was conducted with the purpose of identifying novel and important gene panels and developing an early diagnostic model for PTC by combining artificial neural network (ANN) and random forest (RF).
Methods and results: Samples were searched from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and gene expression datasets (GSE27155, GSE60542, and GSE33630) were collected and processed. GSE27155 and GSE60542 were merged into the training set, and GSE33630 was defined as the validation set. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the training set were obtained by “limma” of R software. Then, Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis as well as immune cell infiltration analysis were conducted based on DEGs. Important genes were identified from the DEGs by random forest. Finally, an artificial neural network was used to develop a diagnostic model. Also, the diagnostic model was validated by the validation set, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) value was satisfactory.
Conclusion: A diagnostic model was established by a joint of random forest and artificial neural network based on a novel gene panel. The AUC showed that the diagnostic model had significantly excellent performance.
- Gene and Molecular Therapy
- Gene Expression (incl. Microarray and other genome-wide approaches)
- Genetically Modified Animals
- Livestock Cloning
- Developmental Genetics (incl. Sex Determination)
- Epigenetics (incl. Genome Methylation and Epigenomics)
- Genome Structure and Regulation
- Genetic Engineering