Table5_Construction Immune Related Feed-Forward Loop Network Reveals Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker as Potential Neuroprotective Drug for Ischemic St.DOCX (14.42 kB)
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Table5_Construction Immune Related Feed-Forward Loop Network Reveals Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker as Potential Neuroprotective Drug for Ischemic Stroke.DOCX

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posted on 28.03.2022, 05:18 authored by Chunrui Bo, Yuze Cao, Shuang Li, Huixue Zhang, Xiaoyu Lu, Xiaotong Kong, Shuai Zhang, Hongyu Gao, Jianjian Wang, Lihua Wang

Ischemic stroke (IS) accounts for the leading cause of disability and mortality in China. Increasing researchers are studying the effects of neuroprotective agents on IS. However, the molecular mechanisms of feed-forward loops (FFLs) associated with neuroprotection in the pathogenesis of IS need to be further studied. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of IS immune genes was constructed to decipher the characters and excavate 3 hub genes (PI3K, IL6, and TNF) of immunity. Then, we identified two hub clusters of IS immune genes, and the cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction pathway was discovered on the pathway enrichment results of both clusters. Combined with GO enrichment analysis, the cytokines participate in the inflammatory response in the extracellular space of IS patients. Next, a transcription factor (TF)–miRNA–immune gene network (TMIGN) was established by extracting four regulatory pairs (TF–miRNA, TF–gene, miRNA–gene, and miRNA–TF). Then, we detected 3-node regulatory motif types in the TMIGN network. According to the criteria we set for defining 3-node motifs, the motif with the highest Z-score (3-node composite FFL) was picked as the statistically evident motif, which was merged to construct an immune-associated composite FFL motif-specific sub-network (IA-CFMSN), which contained 21 3-node FFLs composed of 13 miRNAs, 4 TFs, 9 immune genes, and 1 TF& immune gene, among which TP53 and VEGFA were prominent TF and immune gene, respectively. In addition, the immune genes in IA-CFMSN were used for identifying associated pathways and drugs to further clarify the immune regulation mechanism and neuroprotection after IS. As a result, 5 immune genes targeted by 20 drugs were identified and the Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs) target AGTR1 was found to be a neuroprotective drug for IS. In the present study, the construction of IA-CFMSN provides IS immune-associated FFLs for further experimental studies, providing new prospects for the discovery of new biomarkers and potential drugs for IS.

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