Table5_An Immune-Gene-Based Classifier Predicts Prognosis in Patients With Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma.XLS (642 kB)
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Table5_An Immune-Gene-Based Classifier Predicts Prognosis in Patients With Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma.XLS

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posted on 05.07.2021, 05:11 by Huixia Yang, Xiaoyan Han, Zengping Hao

Objective: Immunity plays a vital role in the human papilloma virus (HPV) persistent infection, and closely associates with occurrence and development of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC). Herein, we performed an integrated bioinformatics analysis to establish an immune-gene signature and immune-associated nomogram for predicting prognosis of CSCC patients.

Methods: The list of immunity-associated genes was retrieved from ImmPort database. The gene and clinical information of CSCC patients were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) website. The immune gene signature for predicting overall survival (OS) of CSCC patients was constructed using the univariate Cox-regression analysis, random survival forests, and multivariate Cox-regression analysis. This signature was externally validated in GSE44001 cohort from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Then, based on the established signature and the TCGA cohort with the corresponding clinical information, a nomogram was constructed and evaluated via Cox regression analysis, concordance index (C-index), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, calibration plots and decision curve analyses (DCAs).

Results: A 5-immune-gene prognostic signature for CSCC was established. Low expression of ICOS, ISG20 and high expression of ANGPTL4, SBDS, LTBR were risk factors for CSCC prognosis indicating poor OS. Based on this signature, the OS was significantly worse in high-risk group than in low-risk group (p-value < 0.001), the area under curves (AUCs) for 1-, 3-, 5-years OS were, respectively, 0.784, 0.727, and 0.715. A nomogram incorporating the risk score of signature and the clinical stage was constructed. The C-index of this nomogram was 0.76. AUC values were 0.811, 0.717, and 0.712 for 1-, 3-, 5-years OS. The nomogram showed good calibration and gained more net benefits than the 5-immune-gene signature and the clinical stage.

Conclusion: The 5-immune-gene signature may serve as a novel, independent predictor for prognosis in patients with CSCC. The nomogram incorporating the signature risk score and clinical stage improved the predictive performance than the signature and clinical stage alone for predicting 1-year OS.