Table4_ECM–Receptor Regulatory Network and Its Prognostic Role in Colorectal Cancer.XLSX (10.15 kB)
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Table4_ECM–Receptor Regulatory Network and Its Prognostic Role in Colorectal Cancer.XLSX

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posted on 06.12.2021, 04:45 by Stepan Nersisyan, Victor Novosad, Narek Engibaryan, Yuri Ushkaryov, Sergey Nikulin, Alexander Tonevitsky

Interactions of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and cellular receptors constitute one of the crucial pathways involved in colorectal cancer progression and metastasis. With the use of bioinformatics analysis, we comprehensively evaluated the prognostic information concentrated in the genes from this pathway. First, we constructed a ECM–receptor regulatory network by integrating the transcription factor (TF) and 5’-isomiR interaction databases with mRNA/miRNA-seq data from The Cancer Genome Atlas Colon Adenocarcinoma (TCGA-COAD). Notably, one-third of interactions mediated by 5’-isomiRs was represented by noncanonical isomiRs (isomiRs, whose 5’-end sequence did not match with the canonical miRBase version). Then, exhaustive search-based feature selection was used to fit prognostic signatures composed of nodes from the network for overall survival prediction. Two reliable prognostic signatures were identified and validated on the independent The Cancer Genome Atlas Rectum Adenocarcinoma (TCGA-READ) cohort. The first signature was made up by six genes, directly involved in ECM–receptor interaction: AGRN, DAG1, FN1, ITGA5, THBS3, and TNC (concordance index 0.61, logrank test p = 0.0164, 3-years ROC AUC = 0.68). The second hybrid signature was composed of three regulators: hsa-miR-32-5p, NR1H2, and SNAI1 (concordance index 0.64, logrank test p = 0.0229, 3-years ROC AUC = 0.71). While hsa-miR-32-5p exclusively regulated ECM-related genes (COL1A2 and ITGA5), NR1H2 and SNAI1 also targeted other pathways (adhesion, cell cycle, and cell division). Concordant distributions of the respective risk scores across four stages of colorectal cancer and adjacent normal mucosa additionally confirmed reliability of the models.