Table3_SLC25A1-associated prognostic signature predicts poor survival in acute myeloid leukemia patients.XLSX (4.17 MB)

Table3_SLC25A1-associated prognostic signature predicts poor survival in acute myeloid leukemia patients.XLSX

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posted on 2023-01-06, 05:07 authored by Fangshu Liu, Suqi Deng, Yue Li, Juan Du, Hui Zeng

Background: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous malignant disease. SLC25A1, the gene encoding mitochondrial carrier subfamily of solute carrier proteins, was reported to be overexpressed in certain solid tumors. However, its expression and value as prognostic marker has not been assessed in AML.

Methods: We retrieved RNA profile and corresponding clinical data of AML patients from the Beat AML, TCGA, and TARGET databases (TARGET_AML). Patients in the TCGA cohort were well-grouped into two group based on SLC25A1 and differentially expressed genes were determined between the SLC25A1 high and low group. The expression of SLC25A1 was validated with clinical samples. The survival and apoptosis of two AML cell lines were analyzed with SLC25A1 inhibitor (CTPI-2) treatment. Cox and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analyses were applied to Beat AML database to identify SLC25A1-associated genes for the construction of a prognostic risk-scoring model. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier and receiver operator characteristic curves.

Results: Our analysis revealed that high expressed level of SLC25A1 in AML patients correlates with unfavorable prognosis. Moreover, SLC25A1 expression was positively associated with metabolism activity. We further demonstrated that the inhibition of SLC25A1 could inhibit the proliferation and increase the apoptosis of AML cells. In addition, a panel of SLC25A1-associated genes, was identified to construct a prognostic risk-scoring model. This SLC25A1-associated prognostic signature (SPS) is an independent risk factor with high area under curve (AUC) values of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. A high SPS in leukemia patients is associated with poor survival. A Prognostic nomogram including the SPS and other clinical parameters, was constructed and its predictive efficiency was confirmed.

Conclusion: We have successfully established a SPS prognostic model that predict outcome and risk stratification in AML. This risk model can be used as an independent biomarker to assess prognosis of AML.