Table3_A Five-Genes Based Diagnostic Signature for Sepsis-Induced ARDS.xlsx
Background: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a frequent and serious complication of sepsis without specific and sensitive diagnostic signatures.
Methods: The mRNA profiles, including 60 blood samples with sepsis-induced ARDS and 86 blood samples with sepsis alone, were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). The differently expressed genes (DEGs) were analyzed by limma package of R language. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were carried out using the clusterProfiler package of R. Eventually, multivariate logistic regression model was established through the glm function of R, and support vector machine (SVM) model was constructed via the e1071 package of R.
Results: A total of 242 DEGs in GSE32707 and 102 DEGs in GSE66890 were identified. Notably, five genes exhibited significant differences between the two datasets and were considered to be closely associated with the occurrence of ARDS induced by sepsis. Furthermore, functional enrichment analysis based on the DEGs showed there were 80 overlapped GO terms and one KEGG pathway which were significantly enriched in the two datasets. The logistic regression model and SVM model constructed could efficiently distinguish sepsis patients with or without ARDS.
Conclusion: In brief, our study suggested that NKG7, SPTA1, FGL2, RGS2, and IFI27 might be potential diagnostic signatures for sepsis-induced ARDS, which contributed to the future exploration in mechanism of ARDS occurrence and development.