Table2_VaAPRT3 Gene is Associated With Sex Determination in Vitis amurensis.XLSX (1.04 MB)
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Table2_VaAPRT3 Gene is Associated With Sex Determination in Vitis amurensis.XLSX

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posted on 23.12.2021, 04:44 authored by Yan Men, Ji-Rui Li, Hai-Lin Shen, Yi-Ming Yang, Shu-Tian Fan, Kun Li, Yin-Shan Guo, Hong Lin, Zhen-Dong Liu, Xiu-Wu Guo

In the past decade, progress has been made in sex determination mechanism in Vitis. However, genes responsible for sexual differentiation and its mechanism in V. amurensis remain unknown. Here, we identify a sex determination candidate gene coding adenine phosphoribosyl transferase 3 (VaAPRT3) in V. amurensis. Cloning and sequencing of the VaAPRT3 gene allowed us to develop a molecular marker able to discriminate female individuals from males or hermaphrodites based on a 22-bp InDel. Gene expression and endogenous cytokinin content analysis revealed that the VaAPRT3 gene is involved in sex determination or, to be precise, in female organ differentiation, through regulating cytokinin metabolism in V. amurensis. This study enlarged the understanding of sex determination mechanism in the genus Vitis, and the sex marker could be used as a helpful tool for sexual identification in breeding programs as well as in investigation and collection of V. amurensis germplasms.

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