Table2_Pan-Cancer Methylated Dysregulation of Long Non-coding RNAs Reveals Epigenetic Biomarkers.XLSX
Different cancer types not only have common characteristics but also have their own characteristics respectively. The mechanism of these specific and common characteristics is still unclear. Pan-cancer analysis can help understand the similarities and differences among cancer types by systematically describing different patterns in cancers and identifying cancer-specific and cancer-common molecular biomarkers. While long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are key cancer modulators, there is still a lack of pan-cancer analysis for lncRNA methylation dysregulation. In this study, we integrated lncRNA methylation, lncRNA expression and mRNA expression data to illuminate specific and common lncRNA methylation patterns in 23 cancer types. Then, we screened aberrantly methylated lncRNAs that negatively regulated lncRNA expression and mapped them to the ceRNA relationship for further validation. 29 lncRNAs were identified as diagnostic biomarkers for their corresponding cancer types, with lncRNA AC027601 was identified as a new KIRC-associated biomarker, and lncRNA ACTA2-AS1 was regarded as a carcinogenic factor of KIRP. Two lncRNAs HOXA-AS2 and AC007228 were identified as pan-cancer biomarkers. In general, the cancer-specific and cancer-common lncRNA biomarkers identified in this study may aid in cancer diagnosis and treatment.