Table2_Anoikis-related genes combined with single cell sequencing: Insights into model specification of lung adenocarcinoma and applicability for prognosis and therapy.XLSX
Background: Anoikis has therapeutic potential against different malignancies including lung adenocarcinoma. This study used anoikis and bioinformatics to construct a prognostic model for lung adenocarcinoma and explore new therapeutic strategies.
Methods: Several bioinformatic algorithms (co-expression analysis, univariate Cox analysis, multivariate Cox analysis, and cross-validation) were used to screen anoikis-related genes (ARGs) to construct a risk model. Lung adenocarcinoma patients were divided into training and testing groups at a ratio of 1:1. The prognostic model was validated by risk score comparison between high- and low-risk groups using receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), nomograms, independent prognostic analysis and principal component analysis. In addition, two anoikis-related genes patterns were classified utilizing consensus clustering method and were compared with each other in survival time, immune microenvironment, and regulation in pathway. Single cell sequencing was applied to analyze anoikis-related genes constructed the model.
Results: This study demonstrated the feasibility of the model based on seven anoikis-related genes, as well as identifying axitinib, nibtinib and sorafenib as potential therapeutic strategies for LUAD. Risk score based on this model had could be used as an independent prognostic factor for lung adenocarcinoma (HR > 1; p < 0.001) and had the highest accuracy to predict survival compared with the clinical characteristics. Single cell sequencing analysis discovered Keratin 14 (KRT14, one of the seven anoikis-related genes) was mainly expressed in malignant cells in various cancers.
Conclusion: We identified seven anoikis-related genes and constructed an accurate risk model based on bioinformatics analysis that can be used for prognostic prediction and for the design of therapeutic strategies in clinical practice.