Table2_3D Interaction Homology: Computational Titration of Aspartic Acid, Glutamic Acid and Histidine Can Create pH-Tunable Hydropathic Environment Ma.pdf (46.69 kB)
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Table2_3D Interaction Homology: Computational Titration of Aspartic Acid, Glutamic Acid and Histidine Can Create pH-Tunable Hydropathic Environment Maps.pdf

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posted on 03.11.2021, 04:34 authored by Noah B. Herrington, Glen E. Kellogg

Aspartic acid, glutamic acid and histidine are ionizable residues occupying various protein environments and perform many different functions in structures. Their roles are tied to their acid/base equilibria, solvent exposure, and backbone conformations. We propose that the number of unique environments for ASP, GLU and HIS is quite limited. We generated maps of these residue's environments using a hydropathic scoring function to record the type and magnitude of interactions for each residue in a 2703-protein structural dataset. These maps are backbone-dependent and suggest the existence of new structural motifs for each residue type. Additionally, we developed an algorithm for tuning these maps to any pH, a potentially useful element for protein design and structure building. Here, we elucidate the complex interplay between secondary structure, relative solvent accessibility, and residue ionization states: the degree of protonation for ionizable residues increases with solvent accessibility, which in turn is notably dependent on backbone structure.

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