Table1_Lipid Alterations in Early-Stage High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer.DOCX
Epithelial ovarian cancer (OC) ranks first in the number of deaths among diseases of the female reproductive organs. Identification of OC at early stages is highly beneficial for the treatment but is highly challenging due to the asymptomatic or low-symptom disease development. In this study, lipid extracts of venous blood samples from 41 female volunteers, including 28 therapy-naive patients with histologically verified high-grade serous ovarian cancer at different stages (5 patients with I-II stages; 23 patients with III-IV stages) and 13 apparently healthy women of reproductive age, were profiled by high-performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS). Based on MS signals of 128 differential lipid species with statistically significant level variation between the OC patients and control group, an OPLS-DA model was developed for the recognition of OC with 100% sensitivity and specificity R2 = 0.87 and Q2 = 0.80. The second OPLS-DA model was developed for the differentiation between I-II OC stages and control group with R2 = 0.97 and Q2 = 0.86 based on the signal levels of 108 differential lipid species. The third OPLS-DA model was developed for the differentiation between I-II OC stages and III-IV stages based on the signal levels of 99 differential lipid species. Various lipid classes (diglycerides, triglycerides, phosphatidylchlorines, ethanolamines, sphingomyelins, ceramides, phosphatidylcholines and phosphoinositols) in blood plasma samples display distinctly characteristic profiles in I-II OC, which indicates the possibility of their use as marker oncolipids in diagnostic molecular panels of early OC stages. Our results suggest that lipid profiling by HPLC-MS can improve identification of early-stage OC and thus increase the efficiency of treatment.