Table1_Impact of Voluntary Environmental Regulation on Green Technological Innovation: Evidence From Chinese Manufacturing Enterprises.doc (71.5 kB)
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Table1_Impact of Voluntary Environmental Regulation on Green Technological Innovation: Evidence From Chinese Manufacturing Enterprises.doc

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posted on 11.05.2022, 04:06 authored by Guo-Qing Nie, Yi-Fei Zhu, Wei-Ping Wu, Wen-Hua Xie, Ke-Xing Wu

Can voluntary environmental regulation play a major role in the transformation of traditional environmental regulation; undertake the task of improving the flexibility, autonomy, and effectiveness of environmental regulation; and promote green technology innovation of enterprises? This study uses the propensity score matching and difference-in-differences (PSM-DID) model to analyze the net effect and heterogeneity of voluntary environmental regulation on green technology innovation, and further explores the impact mechanism of voluntary environmental regulation on green technology innovation from three perspectives: government subsidies, public support, and external enterprise cooperation. The results show that voluntary environmental regulation has a significant positive effect on green technology innovation regardless of time, industry, and regional factors. The implementation of voluntary environmental regulation promotes the green patent authorization of enterprises by 15.12–17.59%. In addition, voluntary environmental regulation also shows industry heterogeneity, scale heterogeneity, and ownership heterogeneity for green technology innovation, and it emphasizes the promotion effect on enterprises in mild pollution industries, large-scale enterprises, and private enterprises. Furthermore, the implementation of voluntary environmental regulation will have a positive impact on green technology innovation by curbing public support and expanding cooperation with external enterprises.

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