Table1_A Ferroptosis-Related lncRNAs Signature Predicts Prognosis and Therapeutic Response of Gastric Cancer.XLSX
Background: Accumulating literature demonstrates that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in ferroptosis and gastric cancer progression. However, the predictive value of ferroptosis-related lncRNAs for prognosis and therapeutic response is yet to be elucidated in gastric cancer (GC).
Method: The transcriptomic data and corresponding clinical information of GC patients were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The association between ferroptosis-related lncRNAs and ferroptosis regulators was analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis. Then, we established a risk predictive model based on the ferroptosis-related lncRNAs using multivariate Cox regression analysis. Furthermore, we performed correlation analysis for the risk score and characteristics of biological processes, immune landscape, stromal activity, genomic integrity, drug response, and immunotherapy efficacy.
Results: We constructed a 17-ferroptosis-related-lncRNA signature via multivariate Cox analysis to divide patients into two groups: low- and high-risk groups. The low-risk group was linked to prolonged overall survival and relapse-free survival. The risk score had good predictive ability to predict the prognosis of GC patients compared with other clinical biomarkers. We found that the high-risk group was associated with activation of carcinogenetic signaling pathways, including stromal activation, epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT) activation, and immune escape through integrated bioinformatics analysis. In contrast, the low-risk group was associated with DNA replication, immune-flamed state, and genomic instability. Additionally, through Spearman correlation analysis, we found that patients in the high-risk group may respond well to drugs targeting cytoskeleton, WNT signaling, and PI3K/mTOR signaling, and drugs targeting chromatin histone acetylation, cell cycle, and apoptosis regulation could bring more benefits for the low-risk group. The high-risk group was associated with poor immunotherapy efficacy.
Conclusion: Our study systematically evaluated the role of ferroptosis-related lncRNAs in t tumor microenvironment, therapeutic response, and prognosis of GC. Risk score–based stratification could reflect the characteristic of biological processes, immune landscape, stromal activity, genomic stability, and pharmaceutical profile in GC patients. The ferroptosis-related lncRNA signature could serve as a reliable biomarker to predict prognosis and therapeutic response of patients with GC.