Data_Sheet_7_Large-Scale Multiplexing Permits Full-Length Transcriptome Annotation of 32 Bovine Tissues From a Single Nanopore Flow Cell.xlsx (20.13 kB)
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Data_Sheet_7_Large-Scale Multiplexing Permits Full-Length Transcriptome Annotation of 32 Bovine Tissues From a Single Nanopore Flow Cell.xlsx

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posted on 20.05.2021, 05:18 by Michelle M. Halstead, Alma Islas-Trejo, Daniel E. Goszczynski, Juan F. Medrano, Huaijun Zhou, Pablo J. Ross

A comprehensive annotation of transcript isoforms in domesticated species is lacking. Especially considering that transcriptome complexity and splicing patterns are not well-conserved between species, this presents a substantial obstacle to genomic selection programs that seek to improve production, disease resistance, and reproduction. Recent advances in long-read sequencing technology have made it possible to directly extrapolate the structure of full-length transcripts without the need for transcript reconstruction. In this study, we demonstrate the power of long-read sequencing for transcriptome annotation by coupling Oxford Nanopore Technology (ONT) with large-scale multiplexing of 93 samples, comprising 32 tissues collected from adult male and female Hereford cattle. More than 30 million uniquely mapping full-length reads were obtained from a single ONT flow cell, and used to identify and characterize the expression dynamics of 99,044 transcript isoforms at 31,824 loci. Of these predicted transcripts, 21% exactly matched a reference transcript, and 61% were novel isoforms of reference genes, substantially increasing the ratio of transcript variants per gene, and suggesting that the complexity of the bovine transcriptome is comparable to that in humans. Over 7,000 transcript isoforms were extremely tissue-specific, and 61% of these were attributed to testis, which exhibited the most complex transcriptome of all interrogated tissues. Despite profiling over 30 tissues, transcription was only detected at about 60% of reference loci. Consequently, additional studies will be necessary to continue characterizing the bovine transcriptome in additional cell types, developmental stages, and physiological conditions. However, by here demonstrating the power of ONT sequencing coupled with large-scale multiplexing, the task of exhaustively annotating the bovine transcriptome – or any mammalian transcriptome – appears significantly more feasible.

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