Data_Sheet_4_Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Photoperiod-Associated Genes Expressed in Rice Anthers.XLSX (19.73 kB)
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Data_Sheet_4_Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Photoperiod-Associated Genes Expressed in Rice Anthers.XLSX

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posted on 26.02.2021, 14:52 by Shiyu Sun, Duoxiang Wang, Jingbin Li, Yaqi Lei, Gang Li, WenGuo Cai, Xiangxiang Zhao, Wanqi Liang, Dabing Zhang

Environmental conditions, such as photoperiod and temperature, can affect male fertility in plants. While this feature is heavily exploited in rice to generate male-sterile lines for hybrid breeding, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, we use a transcriptomics approach to identify key genes and regulatory networks affecting pollen maturation in rice anthers in response to different day lengths. A total of 11,726 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were revealed, of which 177 were differentially expressed at six time points over a 24-h period. GO enrichment analysis revealed that genes at all time points were enriched in transport, carbohydrate, and lipid metabolic processes, and signaling pathways, particularly phytohormone signaling. In addition, co-expression network analysis revealed four modules strongly correlated with photoperiod. Within these four modules, 496 hub genes were identified with a high degree of connectivity to other photoperiod-sensitive DEGs, including two previously reported photoperiod- and temperature-sensitive genes affecting male fertility, Carbon Starved Anther and UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase, respectively. This work provides a new understanding on photoperiod-sensitive pollen development in rice, and our gene expression data will provide a new, comprehensive resource to identify new environmentally sensitive genes regulating male fertility for use in crop improvement.

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