Data_Sheet_3_Positive Selection in Bifidobacterium Genes Drives Species-Specific Host–Bacteria Communication.FASTA (308.85 kB)

Data_Sheet_3_Positive Selection in Bifidobacterium Genes Drives Species-Specific Host–Bacteria Communication.FASTA

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posted on 15.10.2019 by Marina S. Dyachkova, Evgeny V. Chekalin, Valery N. Danilenko

Bifidobacteria are commensal microorganisms that inhabit a wide range of hosts, including insects, birds and mammals. The mechanisms responsible for the adaptation of bifidobacteria to various hosts during the evolutionary process remain poorly understood. Previously, we reported that the species-specific PFNA gene cluster is present in the genomes of various species of the Bifidobacterium genus. The cluster contains signal transduction and adhesion genes that are presumably involved in the communication between bifidobacteria and their hosts. The genes in the PFNA cluster show high sequence divergence between bifidobacterial species, which may be indicative of rapid evolution that drives species-specific adaptation to the host organism. We used the maximum likelihood approach to detect positive selection in the PFNA genes. We tested for both pervasive and episodic positive selection to identify codons that experienced adaptive evolution in all and individual branches of the Bifidobacterium phylogenetic tree, respectively. Our results provide evidence that episodic positive selection has played an important role in the divergence process and molecular evolution of sequences of the species-specific PFNA genes in most bifidobacterial species. Moreover, we found the signatures of pervasive positive selection in the molecular evolution of the tgm gene in all branches of the Bifidobacterium phylogenetic tree. These results are consistent with the suggested role of PFNA gene cluster in the process of specific adaptation of bifidobacterial species to various hosts.

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