Data_Sheet_3_Gossypium hirsutum Salt Tolerance Is Enhanced by Overexpression of G. arboreum JAZ1.pdf (308.56 kB)

Data_Sheet_3_Gossypium hirsutum Salt Tolerance Is Enhanced by Overexpression of G. arboreum JAZ1.pdf

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posted on 10.03.2020 by Ge Zhao, Yun Song, Qianhua Wang, Dongxia Yao, Dongliang Li, Wenqiang Qin, Xiaoyang Ge, Zuoren Yang, Wenying Xu, Zhen Su, Xueyan Zhang, Fuguang Li, Jiahe Wu

Gossypium arboreum possesses many favorable traits including robust defense against biotic and abiotic stress although it has been withdrawn from the market because of lower yield and fiber quality compared to G. hirsutum (upland cotton). It is therefore important to explore and utilize the beneficial genes of G. arboretum for G. hirsutum cultivar breeding. Here, the function of G. arboreum JAZ1 in tolerance to salt stress was determined through loss-of-function analysis. GaJAZ1can interact with GaMYC2 to repress expression of downstream genes whose promoters contain a G-box cis element, affecting plant tolerance to salinity stress. The experimental data from NaCl treatments and a 2 year continuous field trial with natural saline-alkaline soil showed that the ectopically overexpressed GaJAZ1 significantly increased salt tolerance in upland cotton compared to the wild type, showing higher growth vigor with taller plants, increased fresh weight, and more bolls, which is due to reprogrammed expression of tolerance-related genes and promotion of root development. High-throughput RNA sequencing of GaJAZ1 transgenic and wild-type plants showed many differentially expressed genes involved in JA signaling and biosynthesis, salt stress-related genes, and hormone-related genes, suggesting that overexpressing GaJAZ1 can reprogram the expression of defense-related genes in G. hirsutum plants to increase tolerance to salt stress. The research provides a foundation to explore and utilize favorable genes from Gossypium species for upland cotton cultivar breeding.

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