Data_Sheet_3_Bone Position and Ligament Deformations of the Foot From CT Images to Quantify the Influence of Footwear in ex vivo Feet.CSV (181.13 kB)
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Data_Sheet_3_Bone Position and Ligament Deformations of the Foot From CT Images to Quantify the Influence of Footwear in ex vivo Feet.CSV

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posted on 19.06.2020, 04:10 authored by Nicolas Kroupa, Baptiste Pierrat, Woo-Suck Han, Sylvain Grange, Florian Bergandi, Jérōme Molimard

The mechanical behavior of the foot is often studied through the movement of the segments composing it and not through the movement of each individual bone, preventing an accurate and unambiguous study of soft tissue strains and foot posture. In order to describe the internal behavior of the foot under static load, we present here an original methodology that automatically tracks bone positions and ligament deformations through a series of CT acquisitions for a foot under load. This methodology was evaluated in a limited clinical study based on three cadaveric feet in different static load cases, first performed with bare feet and then with a sports shoe to get first insights on how the shoe influences the foot's behavior in different configurations. A model-based tracking technique using hierarchical distance minimization was implemented to track the position of 28 foot bones for each subject, while a mesh-morphing technique mapped the ligaments from a generic model to the patient-specific model in order to obtain their deformations. Comparison of these measurements between the ex vivo loaded bare foot and the shod foot showed evidence that wearing a shoe affects the deformation of specific ligaments, has a significant impact on the relative movement of the bones and alters the posture of the foot skeleton (plantar-dorsal flexion, arch sagging, and forefoot abduction-adduction on the midfoot). The developed method may provide new clinical indicators to guide shoe design and valuable data for detailed foot model validation.

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