Data_Sheet_2_The Association Between Subclinical Thyroid Dysfunction and Recurrence of Atrial Fibrillation After Catheter Ablation.docx
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between subclinical thyroid dysfunction and the recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA).Methods
We examined the association between subclinical thyroid dysfunction and the recurrence of AF at a large university-affiliated cardiac arrhythmia center in China. Data were collected from consecutive patients who underwent RFCA for AF, excluding those with a history of hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or ongoing medical treatment for hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, biochemically defined overt thyroid disease, and long-term use of amiodarone before admission. The primary end point was the recurrence of AF in a time-to-event analysis. We compared outcomes in patients who had subclinical hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism with those who had euthyroid state, using a multivariable Cox model with inverse probability weighting and propensity score matching.Results
In all, 93 patients were excluded from 435 consecutive patients who underwent RFCA for AF. Of the remaining 342 patients for the analysis, the prevalence of subclinical hyperthyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism were 26 (7.6%) and 41 (12.0%), respectively; during a median follow-up of 489 days, 91 patients (26.6%) developed a primary end point event. In the main analysis of the multivariable Cox model, only subclinical hyperthyroidism [hazard ratio: 3.07, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.54–6.14] was associated with an increased risk of end point event after adjusting for potential confounders. However, the association between subclinical hypothyroidism and the end point event was not significant (hazard ratio: 0.66, 95% CI: 0.31–1.43). Results were consistent either in multiple sensitivity analyses or across all subgroups of analysis. Compared with individuals with free triiodothyronine (fT3) in the lowest quintile, those with fT3 in the highest quintile had an HR of 2.23 (95% CI: 1.16–4.28) for recurrence of AF. With the increase of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), a reduction in the risk of recurrence of AF was detected in the adjusted model, and the hazard ratio (HR) per standard deviation (SD) increase was 0.82 (95% CI: 0.68–0.98).Conclusion
In this retrospective cohort study involving patients who underwent RFCA for AF, patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism were associated with a markedly higher prevalence of recurrence of AF, whereas patients with subclinical hypothyroidism had a similar recurrence rate of AF compared to those with the euthyroid state.