Data_Sheet_2_Integrative Functional Transcriptomic Analyses Implicate Shared Molecular Circuits in Sensorineural Hearing Loss.pdf
Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is referred to as the most common type of hearing loss and typically occurs when the inner ear or the auditory nerve is damaged. Aging, noise exposure, and ototoxic drugs represent three main causes of SNHL, leading to substantial similarities in pathophysiological characteristics of cochlear degeneration. Although the common molecular mechanisms are widely assumed to underlie these similarities, its validity lacks systematic examination. To address this question, we generated three SNHL mouse models from aging, noise exposure, and cisplatin ototoxicity, respectively. Through constructing gene co-expression networks for the cochlear transcriptome data across different hearing-damaged stages, the three models are found to significantly correlate with each other in multiple gene co-expression modules that implicate distinct biological functions, including apoptosis, immune, inflammation, and ion transport. Bioinformatics analyses reveal several potential hub regulators, such as IL1B and CCL2, both of which are verified to contribute to apoptosis accompanied by the increase of (ROS) in in vitro model system. Our findings disentangle the shared molecular circuits across different types of SNHL, providing potential targets for the broad effective therapeutic agents in SNHL.