Data_Sheet_2_Identification of Reference Genes for Reverse Transcription-Quantitative PCR Analysis of Ginger Under Abiotic Stress and for Postharvest Biology Studies.XLSX
Gene expression analysis largely improves our understanding of the molecular basis underpinning various plant biological processes. Stable reference genes play a foundational role during the normalization of gene expression levels. However, until now, there have been few reference genes suitable for ginger reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) research. In this study, 29 candidate reference genes with stable expression patterns across multiple ginger tissues and 13 commonly used reference genes were selected to design RT-qPCR primers. After amplification specificity validation, 32 candidates were selected and further evaluated by RT-qPCR using samples from various organs subjected to NaCl, drought, heat, waterlogging, and chilling stress. Four strategies, including delta-CT, BestKeeper, geNorm, and NormFinder, were used to rank the stability of reference genes, and the ranks produced by these four strategies were comprehensively evaluated by RefFinder to determine the final rank. Overall, the top three stability reference genes indicated by RefFinder were RBP > ATPase > 40S_S3. Their expression pattern correlation analysis showed that the coefficients among each pair of RBP, ATPase, and 40S_S3 were larger than 0.96, revealing consistent and stable expression patterns under various treatments. Then, the expression of three pathogenesis-related (PR) genes and seven MYB genes in rhizomes during postharvest storage and subjected to pathogen infection was normalized by RBP, ATPase, 40S_S3, RBP and ATPase, ATPase and 40S-S3, and RBP and 40S-S3. The results showed that PR and MYB genes were induced by postharvest deterioration and pathogen infection. The correlation coefficients of RBP/ATPase, RBP/40S_S3, ATPase/40S_S3, RBP and ATPase/ATPase and 40S-S3, RBP and ATPase/RBP and 40S-S3, and ATPase and 40S-S3/RBP and 40S-S3 were 0.99, 0.96, 0.99, 0.99, 1.00, and 1.00, respectively, which confirmed the stability of these three reference genes in postharvest biology studies of ginger. In summary, this study identified appropriate reference genes for RT-qPCR in ginger and facilitated gene expression studies under biotic and abiotic stress conditions.