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Data_Sheet_2_Identification of Immune-Related Prognostic Biomarkers Based on the Tumor Microenvironment in 20 Malignant Tumor Types With Poor Prognosi.docx (22 MB)

Data_Sheet_2_Identification of Immune-Related Prognostic Biomarkers Based on the Tumor Microenvironment in 20 Malignant Tumor Types With Poor Prognosis.docx

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posted on 2020-07-31, 04:49 authored by Yu Liu, Hao Zhou, Ji Zheng, Xiaojun Zeng, Wenjing Yu, Wei Liu, Guorong Huang, Yang Zhang, Weiling Fu

Cancer, especially malignant tumors with poor prognosis, has become a major hazard to human life and health. The tumor microenvironment is gaining increasing attention from researchers, as it offers a new focus for tumor diagnosis, therapy, and prognosis. The numbers of immune and stromal cells, which are major components of the tumor microenvironment, could be determined from RNA-seq data with the Estimation of STromal and Immune cells in Malignant Tumors using Expression data (ESTIMATE) algorithm. To explore the effects of immune and stromal cells on tumor prognosis, we analyzed associations between overall survival and immune/stromal scores for 20 malignant tumor types based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data. For six of the 20 tumor types, we observed statistically significant associations. Furthermore, to better explain the predictive ability of these scores, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in groups of cases with high or low immune or stromal scores for each of these six malignant tumor types. In addition, a list of immune-related genes was screened to identify prognostic predictors for one or more tumor types. Thus, multi-database joint analysis can provide a new approach to the assessment of tumor prognosis and allow the identification of related genes that may be new biomarkers for tumor metastasis and prognosis.

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