Data_Sheet_2_High-Resolution Screening for Marine Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes With Selective Preference for Polyethylene and Polyethylene Terephthalate.docx (22.06 kB)
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Data_Sheet_2_High-Resolution Screening for Marine Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes With Selective Preference for Polyethylene and Polyethylene Terephthalate Surfaces.docx

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posted on 12.04.2022, 05:16 authored by Katherine S. Marsay, Yuri Koucherov, Keren Davidov, Evgenia Iankelevich-Kounio, Sheli Itzahri, Mali Salmon-Divon, Matan Oren

Marine plastic debris serve as substrates for the colonization of a variety of prokaryote and eukaryote organisms. Of particular interest are the microorganisms that have adapted to thrive on plastic as they may contain genes, enzymes or pathways involved in the adhesion or metabolism of plastics. We implemented DNA metabarcoding with nanopore MinION sequencing to compare the 1-month-old biomes of hydrolyzable (polyethylene terephthalate) and non-hydrolyzable (polyethylene) plastics surfaces vs. those of glass and the surrounding water in a Mediterranean Sea marina. We sequenced longer 16S rRNA, 18S rRNA, and ITS barcode loci for a more comprehensive taxonomic profiling of the bacterial, protist, and fungal communities, respectively. Long read sequencing enabled high-resolution mapping to genera and species. Using previously established methods we performed differential abundance screening and identified 30 bacteria and five eukaryotic species, that were differentially abundant on plastic compared to glass. This approach will allow future studies to characterize the plastisphere communities and to screen for microorganisms with a plastic-metabolism potential.

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