Data_Sheet_2_Exploring a Region on Chromosome 8p23.1 Displaying Positive Selection Signals in Brazilian Admixed Populations: Additional Insights Into .xlsx (104.42 kB)
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Data_Sheet_2_Exploring a Region on Chromosome 8p23.1 Displaying Positive Selection Signals in Brazilian Admixed Populations: Additional Insights Into Predisposition to Obesity and Related Disorders.xlsx

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posted on 25.03.2021, 05:18 authored by Rodrigo Secolin, Marina C. Gonsales, Cristiane S. Rocha, Michel Naslavsky, Luiz De Marco, Maria A. C. Bicalho, Vinicius L. Vazquez, Mayana Zatz, Wilson A. Silva, Iscia Lopes-Cendes

We recently reported a deviation of local ancestry on the chromosome (ch) 8p23.1, which led to positive selection signals in a Brazilian population sample. The deviation suggested that the genetic variability of candidate genes located on ch 8p23.1 may have been evolutionarily advantageous in the early stages of the admixture process. In the present work, we aim to extend the previous work by studying additional Brazilian admixed individuals and examining DNA sequencing data from the ch 8p23.1 candidate region. Thus, we inferred the local ancestry of 125 exomes from individuals born in five towns within the Southeast region of Brazil (São Paulo, Campinas, Barretos, and Ribeirão Preto located in the state of São Paulo and Belo Horizonte, the capital of the state of Minas Gerais), and compared to data from two public Brazilian reference genomic databases, BIPMed and ABraOM, and with information from the 1000 Genomes Project phase 3 and gnomAD databases. Our results revealed that ancestry is similar among individuals born in the five Brazilian towns assessed; however, an increased proportion of sub-Saharan African ancestry was observed in individuals from Belo Horizonte. In addition, individuals from the five towns considered, as well as those from the ABRAOM dataset, had the same overrepresentation of Native-American ancestry on the ch 8p23.1 locus that was previously reported for the BIPMed reference sample. Sequencing analysis of ch 8p23.1 revealed the presence of 442 non-synonymous variants, including frameshift, inframe deletion, start loss, stop gain, stop loss, and splicing site variants, which occurred in 24 genes. Among these genes, 13 were associated with obesity, type II diabetes, lipid levels, and waist circumference (PRAG1, MFHAS1, PPP1R3B, TNKS, MSRA, PRSS55, RP1L1, PINX1, MTMR9, FAM167A, BLK, GATA4, and CTSB). These results strengthen the hypothesis that a set of variants located on ch 8p23.1 that result from positive selection during early admixture events may influence obesity-related disease predisposition in admixed individuals of the Brazilian population. Furthermore, we present evidence that the exploration of local ancestry deviation in admixed individuals may provide information with the potential to be translated into health care improvement.

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