Data_Sheet_1_pH Homeostasis and Sodium Ion Pumping by Multiple Resistance and pH Antiporters in Pyrococcus furiosus.PDF
Multiple Resistance and pH (Mrp) antiporters are seven-subunit complexes that couple transport of ions across the membrane in response to a proton motive force (PMF) and have various physiological roles, including sodium ion sensing and pH homeostasis. The hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus contains three copies of Mrp encoding genes in its genome. Two are found as integral components of two respiratory complexes, membrane bound hydrogenase (MBH) and the membrane bound sulfane sulfur reductase (MBS) that couple redox activity to sodium translocation, while the third copy is a stand-alone Mrp. Sequence alignments show that this Mrp does not contain an energy-input (PMF) module but contains all other predicted functional Mrp domains. The P. furiosus Mrp deletion strain exhibits no significant changes in optimal pH or sodium ion concentration for growth but is more sensitive to medium acidification during growth. Cell suspension hydrogen gas production assays using the deletion strain show that this Mrp uses sodium as the coupling ion. Mrp likely maintains cytoplasmic pH by exchanging protons inside the cell for extracellular sodium ions. Deletion of the MBH sodium-translocating module demonstrates that hydrogen gas production is uncoupled from ion pumping and provides insights into the evolution of this Mrp-containing respiratory complex.