Data_Sheet_1_Variations in the Mitochondrial Genome of a Goldfish-Like Hybrid [Koi Carp (♀) × Blunt Snout Bream (♂)] Indicate Paternal Leakage.docx (324.5 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_Variations in the Mitochondrial Genome of a Goldfish-Like Hybrid [Koi Carp (♀) × Blunt Snout Bream (♂)] Indicate Paternal Leakage.docx

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posted on 21.01.2021, 16:25 by Yude Wang, Wenzhen Sun, Qianhong Gu, Jiajun Yao, Huifang Tan, Xu Huang, Qinbo Qin, Min Tao, Chun Zhang, Shaojun Liu

Previously, a homodiploid goldfish-like fish (2n = 100; GF-L) was spontaneously generated by self-crossing a homodiploid red crucian carp-like fish (2n = 100; RCC-L), which was in turn produced via the distant hybridization of female koi carp (Cyprinus carpio haematopterus, KOC, 2n = 100) and male blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala, BSB, 2n = 48). The phenotypes and genotypes of RCC-L and GF-L differed from those of the parental species but were similar to diploid red crucian carp (2n = 100; RCC) and goldfish (2n = 100; GF), respectively. We sequenced the complete mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs) of the KOC, BSB, RCC-L, GF-L, and subsequent generations produced by self-crossing [the self-mating offspring of RCC-L (RCC-L-F2) to the self-mating offspring of RCC-L-F2 (RCC-L-F3) and the self-mating offspring of GF-L (GF-L-F2)]. Paternal mtDNA fragments were stably embedded in the mtDNAs of both lineages, forming chimeric DNA fragments. In addition to these chimeras, several nucleotide positions in the RCC-L and GF-L lineages differed from the parental bases, and were instead identical with RCC and GF, respectively. Moreover, RCC-L and GF-L mtDNA organization and nucleotide composition were more similar to those of RCC and GF, respectively, compared to parental mtDNA. Finally, phylogenetic analyses indicated that RCC-L and GF-L clustered with RCC and GF, not with the parental species. The molecular dating time shows that the divergence time of KOC and GF was about 21.26 Mya [95% highest posterior density (HPD): 24.41–16.67 Mya], which fell within the period of recent. The heritable chimeric DNA fragments and mutant loci identified in the mtDNA of the RCC-L and GF-L lineages provided important evidence that hybridizations might lead to changes in the mtDNA and the subsequent generation of new lineages. Our findings also demonstrated for the first time that the paternal mtDNA was transmitted into the mtDNA of homodiploid lineages (RCC-L and GF-L), which provided evidence that paternal DNA plays a role in inherited mtDNA. These evolutionary analyses in mtDNA suggest that GF might have diverged from RCC after RCC diverged from koi carp.

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