Data_Sheet_1_Thymoglobulin vs. ATG-Fresenius as Induction Therapy in Kidney Transplantation: A Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled.pdf (799.01 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_Thymoglobulin vs. ATG-Fresenius as Induction Therapy in Kidney Transplantation: A Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.pdf

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posted on 03.04.2020, 11:23 by Turun Song, Saifu Yin, Xingxing Li, Yamei Jiang, Tao Lin

Background: Thymoglobulin (THG) and antithymocyte globulin-Fresenius (ATG-F) have not been compared directly as induction therapies in kidney transplantation.

Materials and Methods: We performed a Bayesian network meta-analysis to compare THG with ATG-F by pooling direct and indirect evidence. Surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) values were used to compare the superiority of one method over the other.

Results: A total of 27 randomized controlled trials (RCT) were eligible for the network meta-analysis. Efficacy endpoints, as well as safety indicators, were statistically comparable. For efficacy endpoints, THG seemed inferior to ATG-F in preventing delayed graft function [odds ratio (OR): 1.27; SUCRA: 78% vs. 58%], patient deaths (OR: 2.78; SUCRA: 83% vs. 34%), and graft loss (OR: 1.40; SUCRA: 83% vs. 59%), but superior to ATG-F in biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR; OR: 0.59; SUCRA: 78% vs. 39%) and steroid-resistant BPAR prevention (OR: 0.61; SUCRA: 76% vs. 49%) within the first year. For safety endpoints, THG was associated with higher risk of infection (OR: 1.49, SUCRA: 79% vs. 54%), cytomegalovirus infection (OR: 1.04; SUCRA: 40% vs. 37%), de novo diabetes (OR: 1.10; SUCRA: 90% vs. 30%), and malignancy (OR: 8.40; SUCRA: 89% vs. 6%) compared to ATG-F. A subgroup analysis of patients at high risk for immunologic complications revealed similar results, but THG performed better for graft loss (OR: 0.82; SUCRA: 68% vs. 54%).

Conclusion: ATG-F seemed to be more effective than THG in improving the short-term kidney transplantation outcomes. Prospective head-to-head comparison of THG and ATG-F with larger sample sizes and longer follow-up is still required.

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