Data_Sheet_1_The Onset and Solidification Path of a Basaltic Melt by in situ Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and ex situ Investigations.docx (1.23 MB)

Data_Sheet_1_The Onset and Solidification Path of a Basaltic Melt by in situ Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and ex situ Investigations.docx

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posted on 04.08.2020 by Letizia Giuliani, Gianluca Iezzi, Tyler Hippeli, Mark Davis, Aubrey Elbrecht, Francesco Vetere, Manuela Nazzari, Silvio Mollo

The in situ differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) technique has been applied to investigate the solidification paths of a basaltic liquid. The starting glass was heated up to 1300°C, kept at this superliquidus temperature for 2 h and cooled at rates (ΔT/Δt) of 7, 60, 180, 1000, and 1800°C/h, down to 800 and 600°C. Glass transition temperature (Tg), crystallization temperature (Tx_HR) and melting temperature (Tm) were measured by in situ DSC spectra on heating. Tx measured along the cooling paths (Tx_CR) shows exothermic peaks that change from a single symmetric shape (7 and 60°C/h) to multi-component patterns (180, 1000, and 1800°C/h). The recovered products characterized by field emission gun source of the scanning electron microscopy and electron probe micro-analyzer-wavelength dispersive spectrometers show a phase assemblage of spinel (sp), clinopyroxene (cpx), melilite (mel), plagioclase (plg), and glass. Moreover, crystal size distributions (CSDs) and growth rates (Gmax and GCSD) were also determined. The crystal content slightly increases from 7 to 1800°C/h. Faceted sp are present in all the run products with an amount always <2 area%. Cpx increases from 7 to 1800°C/h, changing its texture from almost faceted to dendritic between 60 and 180°C/h. The area% of mel follows an asymmetric Gaussian trend, while plg nucleates only at 7°C/h with a content <2 area%. The coupling of DSC and SEM outcomes indicate that sp nucleate first, followed by cpx and mel (and/or plg). The increment of ΔT/Δt causes an increase of the CSD slope (m) and crystal population density per size (n0), as well as a decrease of the crystal size, for both cpx and sp. The log-linear CSD segments with different slopes at 7 and 60°C/h suggest multiple nucleation events and crystal growth by coarsening. Gmax and GCSD for cpx and sp directly measured on the actual crystallization time by DSC spectra, both increase with the increasing of ΔT/Δt. The onset temperature of crystallization (Txi) decreases as ΔT/Δt increases, following an exponential trend that defines the uppermost portion of a time-transformation-temperature-like curve. This analytical model allows us to quantitatively model the kinetic crystallization paths of dry basalts.

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