Data_Sheet_1_The Mechanism of Downregulation of Twist1 Inhibiting Trophoblast Invasion and Aggravating the Development of Preeclampsia.ZIP
To study the expression of under expressed transcription factor Twist1 in preeclampsia (PE) and its effect on the invasion of placental trophoblast cells and to explore its related mechanism on the development of PE by establishing a pregnant rat model. Methods: the villi were collected from the induced abortion in the first trimester (6–8 weeks), the normal placenta (18–20 weeks) induced by the second trimester, the term placenta tissue of normal pregnancy (37–40 weeks), and the placental tissue of patients with PE, to detect the expression of Twist1. Trophoblast cells were subjected to primary culture in placental tissues of normal pregnant women and placental tissues of PE patients. The invasion ability of the two groups of trophoblasts was detected, and the primary cultured trophoblasts were divided into two groups: an experimental group and a control group. Specific Twist1 siRNA was added to the experimental group, and no reagents were added to the control group. The above-mentioned cells were given different interventions. To explore the effect of Twist1 on trophoblast cell invasion, cells were cultivated for 72 h. The SD rats were conceived. After the pregnancy was stable, the SD rats in different groups were treated with different treatments (interference with Twist1), and the average systolic blood pressure and urine protein of the gestational mothers in the different treatment groups were measured at 1 week, 2 weeks, and full-term pregnancy. The expression of Twist1 in the placenta tissue of SD rats with different interventions at full-term pregnancy was detected. The results showed that Twist1 expression is down-regulated in PE, and the invasion ability of placental trophoblast cells in PE patients is weak. After inhibiting Twist1, the mean tail artery pressure and urine protein level of SD pregnant rats increase, showing a trend of PE. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of the placenta by Twist1 Trophoblast cell invasion.