Data_Sheet_1_The Interaction of TRAF6 With Neuroplastin Promotes Spinogenesis During Early Neuronal Development.pdf (1.52 MB)

Data_Sheet_1_The Interaction of TRAF6 With Neuroplastin Promotes Spinogenesis During Early Neuronal Development.pdf

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posted on 09.12.2020, 04:02 by Sampath Kumar Vemula, Ayse Malci, Lennart Junge, Anne-Christin Lehmann, Ramya Rama, Johannes Hradsky, Ricardo A. Matute, André Weber, Matthias Prigge, Michael Naumann, Michael R. Kreutz, Constanze I. Seidenbecher, Eckart D. Gundelfinger, Rodrigo Herrera-Molina

Correct brain wiring depends on reliable synapse formation. Nevertheless, signaling codes promoting synaptogenesis are not fully understood. Here, we report a spinogenic mechanism that operates during neuronal development and is based on the interaction of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) with the synaptic cell adhesion molecule neuroplastin. The interaction between these proteins was predicted in silico and verified by co-immunoprecipitation in extracts from rat brain and co-transfected HEK cells. Binding assays show physical interaction between neuroplastin’s C-terminus and the TRAF-C domain of TRAF6 with a Kd value of 88 μM. As the two proteins co-localize in primordial dendritic protrusions, we used young cultures of rat and mouse as well as neuroplastin-deficient mouse neurons and showed with mutagenesis, knock-down, and pharmacological blockade that TRAF6 is required by neuroplastin to promote early spinogenesis during in vitro days 6-9, but not later. Time-framed TRAF6 blockade during days 6–9 reduced mEPSC amplitude, number of postsynaptic sites, synapse density and neuronal activity as neurons mature. Our data unravel a new molecular liaison that may emerge during a specific window of the neuronal development to determine excitatory synapse density in the rodent brain.

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