Data_Sheet_1_The Inclusion of Water Molecules in Residue Interaction Networks Identifies Additional Central Residues.PDF
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The relevance of water molecules for the recognition and the interaction of biomolecules is widely appreciated. In this paper we address the role that water molecules associated to protein complexes play for the functional relevance of residues by considering their residue interaction networks (RINs). These are commonly defined on the basis of the amino acid composition of the proteins themselves, disregarding the solvation state of the protein. We determine properties of the RINs of two protein complexes, colicin E2/Im2 and barnase/barstar, with and without associated water molecules, using a previously developed methodology and its associated application RINspector. We find that the inclusion of water molecules in RINs leads to an increase in the number of central residues which adds a novel mechanism to the relevance of water molecules for protein function.
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