Data_Sheet_1_The Impact of Hyperosmolality on Activation and Differentiation of B Lymphoid Cells.pdf (1.5 MB)
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Data_Sheet_1_The Impact of Hyperosmolality on Activation and Differentiation of B Lymphoid Cells.pdf

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posted on 18.04.2019, 04:13 authored by Ljiljana Cvetkovic, Stojan Perisic, Jens Titze, Hans-Martin Jäck, Wolfgang Schuh

B lymphocytes, as a central part of adaptive immune responses, have the ability to fight against an almost unlimited numbers of pathogens. Impairment of B cell development, activation and differentiation to antibody secreting plasma cells can lead to malignancy, allergy, autoimmunity and immunodeficiency. However, the impact of environmental factors, such as hyperosmolality or osmotic stress caused by varying salt concentrations in different lymphoid organs, on these processes is not well-understood. Here, we report that B cells respond to osmotic stress in a biphasic manner. Initially, increased osmolality boosted B cell activation and differentiation as shown by an untimely downregulation of Pax5 as well as upregulation of CD138. However, in the second phase, we observed an increase in cell death and impaired plasmablast differentiation. Osmotic stress resulted in impaired class switch to IgG1, inhibition of phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated kinase and a delayed NFAT5 response. Overall, these findings demonstrate the importance of microenvironmental hyperosmolality and osmotic stress caused by NaCl for B cell activation and differentiation.

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