Data_Sheet_1_The Effect of Particle Composition and Concentration on the Partitioning Coefficient for Mercury in Three Ocean Basins.docx (32.47 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_The Effect of Particle Composition and Concentration on the Partitioning Coefficient for Mercury in Three Ocean Basins.docx

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posted on 14.05.2021, 05:20 by Xinyun Cui, Carl H. Lamborg, Chad R. Hammerschmidt, Yang Xiang, Phoebe J. Lam

The downward flux of sinking particles is a prominent Hg removal and redistribution process in the ocean; however, it is not well-constrained. Using data from three U.S. GEOTRACES cruises including the Pacific, Atlantic, and Arctic Oceans, we examined the mercury partitioning coefficient, Kd, in the water column. The data suggest that the Kd varies widely over three ocean basins. We also investigated the effect of particle concentration and composition on Kd by comparing the concentration of small-sized (1–51 μm) suspended particulate mass (SPM) as well as its compositional fractions in six different phases to the partitioning coefficient. We observed an inverse relationship between Kd and suspended particulate mass, as has been observed for other metals and known as the “particle concentration effect,” that explains much of the variation in Kd. Particulate organic matter (POM) and calcium carbonate (CaCO3) dominated the Hg partitioning in all three ocean basins while Fe and Mn could make a difference in some places where their concentrations are elevated, such as in hydrothermal plumes. Finally, our estimated Hg residence time has a strong negative correlation with average log bulk Kd, indicating that Kd has significant effect on Hg residence time.

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