Data_Sheet_1_The Apple Autophagy-Related Gene MdATG9 Confers Tolerance to Low Nitrogen in Transgenic Apple Callus.docx (2.19 MB)
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Data_Sheet_1_The Apple Autophagy-Related Gene MdATG9 Confers Tolerance to Low Nitrogen in Transgenic Apple Callus.docx

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posted on 15.04.2020, 04:28 authored by Liuqing Huo, Zijian Guo, Zhijun Zhang, Xin Jia, Yiming Sun, Xun Sun, Ping Wang, Xiaoqing Gong, Fengwang Ma

Autophagy is an efficient degradation system for maintaining cellular homeostasis when plants are under environmental stress. ATG9 is the only integral membrane protein within the core ATG machinery that provides a membrane source for autophagosome formation. In this study, we isolated an ATG9 homologs gene in apple, MdATG9, from Malus domestica. The analysis of its sequence, subcellular localization, promoter cis-elements, and expression patterns revealed the potential function of MdATG9 in response to abiotic stressors. Overexpression of MdATG9 in apple callus conferred enhanced tolerance to nitrogen depletion stress. During the treatment, other important MdATGs were expressed at higher levels in transgenic callus than in the wild type. Furthermore, more free amino acids and increased sucrose levels were found in MdATG9-overexpression apple callus compared with the wild type in response to nitrogen starvation, and the expression levels of MdNRT1.1, MdNRT2.5, MdNIA1, and MdNIA2 were all increased higher in transgenic lines. These data suggest that, as an important autophagy gene, MdATG9 plays an important role in the maintenance of amino acids and sugars in response to nutrient starvation in apple.

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