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Data_Sheet_1_The Admission (Neutrophil+Monocyte)/Lymphocyte Ratio Is an Independent Predictor for In-Hospital Mortality in Patients With Acute Myocard.pdf (488.76 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_The Admission (Neutrophil+Monocyte)/Lymphocyte Ratio Is an Independent Predictor for In-Hospital Mortality in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction.pdf

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posted on 2022-04-07, 04:13 authored by Yu Wang, Miao Yuan, Yao Ma, Congcong Shao, Yuan Wang, Mengyao Qi, Bincheng Ren, Dengfeng Gao
Purpose

Peripheral differential leukocyte counts are accepted prognostic indicators in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Herein, we assessed the value of the admission (neutrophil+monocyte)/lymphocyte ratio (NMLR) in predicting in-hospital mortality in these patients.

Materials and Methods

Samples of patients from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care IV (MIMIC-IV) database meeting the criteria were included. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted to explore the predictive value and the optimum cut-off value of admission NMLR. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses and restricted cubic spline (RCS) were performed to determine and visualize the association between admission NMLR and in-hospital mortality. The Kaplan-Meier (KM) method was used to plot survival curves of two groups with different admission NMLR levels.

Results

Samples in the non-survival group had higher admission NMLR values than samples in the survival group (12.11 [7.22–21.05] vs. 6.38 [3.96–11.25], P < 0.05). The area under the ROC curve (AUROC) [0.707 (95% Confidence Interval, 0.677–0.737)] was significantly better than those of other indicators related to peripheral differential leukocyte counts, and the optimal cut-off value was 8.518. Cox regression analysis identified that higher admission NMLR was an independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality. RCS visualized the uptrend and the non-linear relationship between admission NMLR and in-hospital mortality (P-value for non-linearity <0.05). The KM survival curve of the high admission NMLR group was significantly lower than that of the low admission NMLR group (P < 0.001), and the former was associated with an increased risk of in-hospital mortality compared to the latter (Hazard Ratio, 1.452; 95% Confidence Interval, 1.132–1.862; P < 0.05).

Conclusion

An elevated admission NMLR is an independent predictor for high in-hospital mortality in patients with AMI. And it is superior to other leukocyte-related indexes.

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