Data_Sheet_1_Testing Interactions in Multinomial Processing Tree (72.1 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_Testing Interactions in Multinomial Processing Tree

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posted on 2019-11-01, 04:03 authored by Beatrice G. Kuhlmann, Edgar Erdfelder, Morten Moshagen

Multinomial processing tree (MPT) models allow testing hypotheses on latent psychological processes that underlie human behavior. However, past applications of this model class have mainly been restricted to the analysis of main effects. In this paper, we adopt the interaction concept as defined in log-linear models and show why it is appropriate for MPT models. We then explain how to implement and test ordinal and disordinal two-way interaction hypotheses in MPT models. We also show how our method generalizes to higher-order interactions involving three or more factors. An empirical example from source memory and aging demonstrates the applicability of this method and allows for directly testing the associative deficit theory that age differences are larger in associative (e.g., source) memory as opposed to item memory. Throughout the paper, we explain how most analytic steps can be easily implemented in the freely available software multiTree.