Data_Sheet_1_Systematic Assessment of Risk of Fever in Solid Tumor Patients Treated With PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.zip
Purpose: Drug-induced fever is frequently reported in cancer patients treated with anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), and stoppage of the offending agent is the management of choice. However, given the complex management of cancer patients, this needs to be carefully studied. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to estimate the risk of fever associated with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 in cancer patients.
Methods: From May 2010 to 2020, an electronic search was conducted through PubMed for relevant studies. All clinical trials reporting fever in cancer patients treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors were included, while other designs were excluded. A manual search was also conducted to search for relevant articles. Outcomes included the risk of pyrexia and febrile neutropenia in the overall population and based on the grade of fever (all grades vs. grades 3–5). The Newcastle–Ottawa Scale was used to assess the quality of included studies.
Results: Thirty-one articles, involving 27 clinical trials and 15,867 participants, were included. The increased risk of pyrexia for all grades is only found when PD-1/PD-L1 plus cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) was compared to CTLA-4 [odds ratio (OR) = 2.48, 95% CI: 1.17, 5.23]. The risk of febrile neutropenia for all-grade fever was significantly lower in the PD-1/PD-L1 group compared to that of chemotherapy alone (OR = 0.02, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.05). A similar trend in the risk of febrile neutropenia was also found for grades 3–5 (OR = 0.02, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.05).
Conclusion: The increased risk of pyrexia for all grades could only be found when PD-1/PD-L1 plus CTLA-4 was compared with CTLA-4. Meanwhile, compared to chemotherapy, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors reduced the risk of febrile neutropenia.