Data_Sheet_1_Synergistic Improvement of Carbohydrate and Lignin Processability by Biomimicking Biomass Processing.docx (121.37 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_Synergistic Improvement of Carbohydrate and Lignin Processability by Biomimicking Biomass Processing.docx

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posted on 04.02.2021, 15:48 by Man Li, Zhi-Hua Liu, Naijia Hao, Michelle L. Olson, Qiang Li, Samarthya Bhagia, Somnath Shinde, Katy C. Kao, Arthur J. Ragauskas, Shangxian Xie, Joshua S. Yuan

The sustainability and economic feasibility of modern biorefinery depend on the efficient processing of both carbohydrate and lignin fractions for value-added products. By mimicking the biomass degradation process in white-rote fungi, a tailored two-step fractionation process was developed to maximize the sugar release from switchgrass biomass and to optimize the lignin processability for bioconversion. Biomimicking biomass processing using Formic Acid: Fenton: Organosolv (F2O) and achieved high processability for both carbohydrate and lignin. Specifically, switchgrass pretreated by the F2O process had 99.6% of the theoretical yield for glucose release. The fractionated lignin was also readily processable by fermentation via Rhodococcus opacus PD630 with a lipid yield of 1.16 g/L. Scanning electron microscope analysis confirmed the fragmentation of switchgrass fiber and the cell wall deconstruction by the F2O process. 2D-HSQC NMR further revealed the cleavage of aryl ether linkages (β-O-4) in lignin components. These results revealed the mechanisms for efficient sugar release and lignin bioconversion. The F2O process demonstrated effective mimicking of natural biomass utilization system and paved a new path for improving the lignin and carbohydrate processability in next generation lignocellulosic biorefinery.

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