Data_Sheet_1_Sulfonylureas Use Is Not Associated With Increased Infarct Size in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.PDF
Aims: This retrospective study assessed the association between sulfonylureas use and infarct size in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) by myocardial enzymology indexes and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging.
Methods: Patients presenting STEMI between July 2013 and August 2019 were included in a retrospective database at our institution. Antidiabetic agents used before STEMI were recorded. Patients with maximum recorded troponin I (max cTNI) and creatine phosphokinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) within the first 72 h of chest pain onset were selected. Infarct size was quantified by CMR imaging, and cardiovascular outcomes were also obtained at 30 days and 6 months follow-up. Multivariable regression models explored potential risk factors associated with infarct size and clinical outcomes.
Results: A total of 254 T2DM and STEMI patients were included, with 101 sulfonylurea users and 153 non-users. Sulfonylureas users were not associated with higher max cTnI and max CK-MB compared to non-users. Among 65 CMR patients, no significant differences in infarct size were detected between sulfonylureas users and non-users. Whereas, the incidence of microvascular obstruction (MVO) was higher in patients receiving sulfonylureas than those taking non-sulfonylureas (88.0 vs. 62.5%, p = 0.023). No higher cardiovascular events of sulfonylureas users vs. non-users were observed, except for heart failure events (24.0 vs. 2.5% at 30 days, p = 0.011; 28.0 vs. 2.5% at 6 months, p = 0.004). Multivariable regression analyses verified that sulfonylureas users increased the risks of MVO.
Conclusions: Sulfonylureas use did not associate with larger infarct size in patients with T2DM and STEMI. A potentially higher incidence of MVO in sulfonylurea users was found. Notably, since most patients presented after a relatively long period of ischemia and glibenclamide was not used by the included patients in this observational study, the results of this study should not be extrapolated to clinical settings with short periods of ischemia or to patients using glibenclamide.