Data_Sheet_1_Structural Lesion Progression of the Sacroiliac Joint and Clinical Features in axSpA During TNFi Reduction: A Retrospective Cohort Study.docx
Objective: In the clinic, some patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) have to reduce tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) for various reasons. However, there are few studies about how to balance the relapse and TNFi reduction. Here we retrospectively analyzed the structural progression of the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) and clinical features in axSpA during TNFi reduction.
Methods: A total of 108 patients with axSpA who followed up for 2 years and completed at least baseline, 12-month, and 24-month MRI scans of SIJ were divided into the tapering group (n = 63) and withdrawal group (n = 45) according to whether TNFi was stopped. We divided 2 years into five intervals, calculating the average dose quotient (DQ) for each of 540 intervals from 108 patients. By using generalized estimation equations with inverse probability of treatment weighting, we investigated the unbiased effects of average DQ on structural progression and treatment response.
Results: The disease activity (such as Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI), Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS)-CRP, and ASDAS-ESR) and relapse rate were lower in the tapering group at 12 and 24 months (p < 0.05). Δerosion (β = −0.0100, p = 0.00026) and Δthe Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada (SPARCC; β = −0.0959, p < 0.0001) were negatively correlated with average DQ. The average DQ 30 (74.8%, 80.0%) or 41.6 (76.5%, 83%) was best to discriminate the status of treatment response or the status of bone marrow edema, but considering operability, the average DQ 25 (78.0%, 63.3%) was also acceptable especially for patients with HLA-B27 negative and non-severe fat metaplasia.
Conclusion: Complete TNFi withdrawal was not recommended. Our study provided a referable strategy (tapering then maintained the average DQ over 30 or even 25) for patients who need TNFi reduction. Higher dose usage of TNFi was associated with a slower erosion progression of SIJ.
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